Credit rating is an analysis of the credit risks associated with a financial instrument or a financial entity. It is a rating given to a particular entity based on the credentials and the extent to which the financial statements of the entity are sound, in terms of borrowing and lending that has been done in the past.
Usually it is in the form of a detailed report based on the financial history of borrowing or lending and credit worthiness of the entity or the person obtained from the statements of its assets and liabilities with an aim to determine their ability to meet the debt obligations. It helps in assessment of the solvency of the particular entity. These ratings based on detailed analysis are published by various credit rating agencies like Standard & Poor’s, Moody’s Investors Service, and ICRA, to name a few.
Here is one such organization, Credit Rating Information Services of India Limited (CRISIL) ratings are based on a robust and clearly articulated analytical framework, which ensures comprehensiveness, standardization, comparability, and effective communication of the ratings assigned and of every timely rating action. The assessment is based on the highest standards of independence and analytical rigor.
CRISIL rates a wide range of entities, including:
- Industrial companies
- Non-banking financial companies (NBFCs)
- Infrastructure entities
- Microfinance institutions
- Insurance companies
- Mutual funds
- State governments
- Urban local bodies